Journal of Research in Medical Sciences

: 2019  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 111-

Take-home naloxone program is a priority in Iran

Omid Mehrpour 
 Rocky Mountain Poison and Drug Center, Denver Health, Denver, CO, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Omid Mehrpour
Rocky Mountain Poison and Drug Safety, Denver Health and Hospital Authority, Denver, CO

How to cite this article:
Mehrpour O. Take-home naloxone program is a priority in Iran.J Res Med Sci 2019;24:111-111

How to cite this URL:
Mehrpour O. Take-home naloxone program is a priority in Iran. J Res Med Sci [serial online] 2019 [cited 2020 Dec 3 ];24:111-111
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Overall, opioid addicts are at least ten folds as likely to die in comparison with their peers in terms of age and gender.[1] In a study in eastern Iran, opioids were the most common cause of death in intoxicated patients admitted to a referral intensive care unit.[2] However, many of these deaths are preventable if patients receive antidote on time.

An effective drug that reverses the respiratory depression caused by opioids is naloxone, an opioid receptor antagonist.[3] Naloxone is used in emergency rooms and by ambulance staff. It is highly effective and cheap at the same time, which is usually administrated intravenously, intramuscularly, and subcutaneously. Although naloxone is a prescription medicine in most countries, it has no abuse potential.[3]

Based on the rationale that more opioid-overdose deaths might be preventable if people who witness overdoses realize the serious situation in which the opioid abusers are and were able to administer the overdose-reversal drug.[4] Hence, taking naloxone to these opioid abusers or their relatives, their close friends, partners, and families started, and it is known “take-home” naloxone programs.[4] Take-home naloxone programs are developed to increase the availability of the antidote in places where overdoses are especially likely to occur. Accordingly, in the occurrence of an opioid overdose, naloxone would be readily available and can be administered to the overdose victim before the arrival of an ambulance. This program was first introduced in the 1990s.[5] Nowadays, it is developed in the US, Canada, Australia, and many European countries.[6]

Opium addiction is one of the major health problems in Iran.[7],[8] Afghanistan is the world's leading opium producer, and there is a major drug route between Iran, which lies on its western border. Iran is the primary transit route for drugs trafficking from Afghanistan to Europe.[9] Iran has an estimated 2 million opioid addicts, 9%–16% of who are injecting drug users.[10],[11]

Meanwhile, the mortality rate due to opioids that occur annually in this country is relatively high. On the other hand, naloxone as the antidote of opioids is readily available, and it is safe. Hence, exerting taking home naloxone in this country is rational. Although there is some concern about inducing withdrawal in opioids addicts with extra use of naloxone, the hazard of withdrawal in these patients is negligible if the mortality rate is decreased. Hence, I strongly recommend to the government to consider this program as a priority in Iran. In this regard, providing naloxone as nasal spray may be considered as the first step.

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Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.


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