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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 25

The analysis of the trend of educational system in orthotics and prosthetics in Iran and the world: A step toward the foresight

1 Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, School of Rehabilitation, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Department of Medical Education, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3 Department of Information and Communication Technology, Health Management Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Alireza Taheri
Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, School of Rehabilitation, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Hezarjerib, Isfahan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1735-1995.254823

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Background: Along with the growth of science and technology, the orthotics and prosthetics (O and P) have been changing since the past as a dynamic profession and the role of a specialist in O and P has also undergone a change due to needs of society and the growth of technologies. To illustrate the future direction of an educational system, it is necessary to have a trend analysis of what weaknesses and strengths have existed in the past and the present. Materials and Methods: In this analysis, two methods of scoping review and interview were conducted. For the purpose of scoping review, database searches of PubMed, ERIC, SID, and Web of Science in combination with a search on websites of key organizations, including universities, World Health Organization, and International Society of O and P were conducted. Results: Various trends have been formed from different aspects in the health education system due to multifaceted nature of the O and P. The areas include health and education services, technology, curriculum, educational programs, and accreditation. Conclusion: The debate on monitoring and evaluation of O and P educational systems has been also developed along with the progress made in the training of O and P. The training of individuals by setting minimum standards leads to a professional competency in line and is considered as other issues arisen in the field of education; however, in recent years, improvements in this field have not been significant.

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