Helicobacter pylori antibiotic resistance: Can herbal medicine be an alternative for the treatment?
Mohammad Zamani1, Vahid Zamani2
1 Student Research Committee, Faculty of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Mazandaran, Iran
2 Vice-Chancellery for Health, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Mazandaran, Iran
|Date of Web Publication||02-Nov-2016|
Ganjafrooz Street, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Zamani M, Zamani V. Helicobacter pylori antibiotic resistance: Can herbal medicine be an alternative for the treatment?. J Res Med Sci 2016;21:97
|How to cite this URL:|
Zamani M, Zamani V. Helicobacter pylori antibiotic resistance: Can herbal medicine be an alternative for the treatment?. J Res Med Sci [serial online] 2016 [cited 2023 Mar 29];21:97. Available from: https://www.jmsjournal.net/text.asp?2016/21/1/97/193169
We read with interest the article by Khademi et al., in which they well discussed the high antibiotic resistance rate of Helicobacter pylori, geographical variation in the resistance, and the molecular mechanisms of antibiotic resistance.
Prevalence of H. pylori infection is about 50% in the world. This pathogen is responsible for peptic ulcer disease, chronic gastritis, and gastric cancer. Unfortunately, the efficacy of the standard triple and quadruple therapy for eradication of H. pylori infection is seriously challenged because of the antimicrobial resistance problem. Therefore, it is needed to choose new alternatives with high efficiency and less side effects. In this regard, medicinal herbs can be one of the desirable options due to their positive effects in the treatment of gastric ulcers.
During the last years, researchers have performed a number of experimental studies on various plants to evaluate their antiulcer and anti-H. pylori activities and to discover the bioactive compounds although most of them were done in vitro. For instance, it was revealed that flavonoids (especially, quercetin) have antisecretory, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antihistaminic effects, and also, the role of these polyphenolic composites against H. pylori has been discussed. Besides, other phenolic compounds such as quinones (cytoprotective) and phenolic glycosides (antisecretory) were reported as gastroprotective factors. Likewise, terpenoids as antiulcer compositions with cytoprotective activity enhance the production of mucus in the stomach. Furthermore, saponins have antisecretory mechanisms of action. In addition to these, it is demonstrated that plants including Aloe vera, ginger, licorice, chamomile, and turmeric can have a significant effect on treatment of peptic ulcer disease through their cytoprotective and anti-H. pylori activities ,
Antibiotic resistance of H. pylori is presently a remarkable issue. According to the mentioned results, this hypothesis is considered that the antiulcer and gastroprotective properties of several medicinal herbs potentially have positive effects on treatment of H. pylori and its complication in humans. Therefore, it is proposed that more experimental and clinical studies be conducted on different medicinal plants to design new and effective natural drugs against H. pylori infection, considering the geographic and genotypic resistance patterns of this pathogen.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
The authors have no conflicts of interest.
| References|| |
Khademi F, Faghri J, Poursina F, Esfahani BN, Moghim S, Fazeli H, et al.
Resistance pattern of Helicobacter pylori
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