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J Res Med Sci 2016,  21:97

Helicobacter pylori antibiotic resistance: Can herbal medicine be an alternative for the treatment?

1 Student Research Committee, Faculty of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Mazandaran, Iran
2 Vice-Chancellery for Health, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Mazandaran, Iran

Date of Web Publication02-Nov-2016

Correspondence Address:
Mohammad Zamani
Ganjafrooz Street, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1735-1995.193169

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How to cite this article:
Zamani M, Zamani V. Helicobacter pylori antibiotic resistance: Can herbal medicine be an alternative for the treatment?. J Res Med Sci 2016;21:97

How to cite this URL:
Zamani M, Zamani V. Helicobacter pylori antibiotic resistance: Can herbal medicine be an alternative for the treatment?. J Res Med Sci [serial online] 2016 [cited 2023 Mar 29];21:97. Available from: https://www.jmsjournal.net/text.asp?2016/21/1/97/193169


We read with interest the article by Khademi et al., in which they well discussed the high antibiotic resistance rate of Helicobacter pylori, geographical variation in the resistance, and the molecular mechanisms of antibiotic resistance.[1]

Prevalence of H. pylori infection is about 50% in the world. This pathogen is responsible for peptic ulcer disease, chronic gastritis, and gastric cancer. Unfortunately, the efficacy of the standard triple and quadruple therapy for eradication of H. pylori infection is seriously challenged because of the antimicrobial resistance problem.[2] Therefore, it is needed to choose new alternatives with high efficiency and less side effects. In this regard, medicinal herbs can be one of the desirable options due to their positive effects in the treatment of gastric ulcers.[3]

During the last years, researchers have performed a number of experimental studies on various plants to evaluate their antiulcer and anti-H. pylori activities and to discover the bioactive compounds although most of them were done in vitro. For instance, it was revealed that flavonoids (especially, quercetin) have antisecretory, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antihistaminic effects, and also, the role of these polyphenolic composites against H. pylori has been discussed.[4] Besides, other phenolic compounds such as quinones (cytoprotective) and phenolic glycosides (antisecretory) were reported as gastroprotective factors. Likewise, terpenoids as antiulcer compositions with cytoprotective activity enhance the production of mucus in the stomach. Furthermore, saponins have antisecretory mechanisms of action.[5] In addition to these, it is demonstrated that plants including Aloe vera, ginger, licorice, chamomile, and turmeric can have a significant effect on treatment of peptic ulcer disease through their cytoprotective and anti-H. pylori activities [4],[5]

Antibiotic resistance of H. pylori is presently a remarkable issue. According to the mentioned results, this hypothesis is considered that the antiulcer and gastroprotective properties of several medicinal herbs potentially have positive effects on treatment of H. pylori and its complication in humans. Therefore, it is proposed that more experimental and clinical studies be conducted on different medicinal plants to design new and effective natural drugs against H. pylori infection, considering the geographic and genotypic resistance patterns of this pathogen.

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Conflicts of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest.

  References Top

Khademi F, Faghri J, Poursina F, Esfahani BN, Moghim S, Fazeli H, et al. Resistance pattern of Helicobacter pylori strains to clarithromycin, metronidazole, and amoxicillin in Isfahan, Iran. J Res Med Sci 2013;18:1056-60.  Back to cited text no. 1
Li BZ, Threapleton DE, Wang JY, Xu JM, Yuan JQ, Zhang C, et al. Comparative effectiveness and tolerance of treatments for Helicobacter pylori: Systematic review and network meta-analysis. BMJ 2015;351:h4052.  Back to cited text no. 2
Zaidi SF, Muhammad JS, Usmanghani K, Sugiyama T. Review: Pharmacological ins and outs of medicinal plants against Helicobacter pylori: A review. Pak J Pharm Sci 2015;28 3 Suppl: 1171-6.  Back to cited text no. 3
Wang YC. Medicinal plant activity on Helicobacter pylori related diseases. World J Gastroenterol 2014;20:10368-82.  Back to cited text no. 4
Awaad AS, El-Meligy RM, Soliman GA. Natural products in treatment of ulcerative colitis and peptic ulcer. J Saudi Chem Soc 2013;17:101-24.  Back to cited text no. 5

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