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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 98

Post-traumatic endophthalmitis prophylaxis with oral ciprofloxacin in comparison to intravenous cephazolin/gentamicin

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Isfahan Eye Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Amir-Masood Rafiemanzelat
Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jrms.JRMS_384_18

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Background: Although posttraumatic endophthalmitis is an uncommon condition, it causes severe complications, so medical and pharmacological interventions for prevention of endophthalmitis after trauma are a major concern. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and clinical outcome of oral ciprofloxacin versus intravenous cefazolin/gentamicin for the prevention of endophthalmitis after penetrating ocular trauma. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective, descriptive single-center study, including all cases of penetrating ocular trauma seen in the Feiz Hospital, a Tertiary Referral Eye Hospital in Isfahan, Iran, between 2011 and 2017. Data systemically recorded for each patient included clinical, ophthalmological, and demographic findings by a trained medical record abstractor or ophthalmologist reviewing patient records. Results: Six hundred and forty-five patients in cefazolin/gentamicin and 273 patients in oral ciprofloxacin groups were included in the study. Our study showed that the incidence of endophthalmitis was not significantly different between the two groups (P = 0.463). In patients with either sharp or blunt penetrating ocular trauma. Conclusion: Oral ciprofloxacin as a prophylactic treatment could prevent posttraumatic endophthalmitis as effective as injectable cefazolin/gentamicin. Due to easier consumption of oral ciprofloxacin and lower systemic complications, in all patients with penetrating eye trauma, oral administration of ciprofloxacin is preferable to intravenous or intramuscular types of antibiotics to reduce the risk of posttraumatic endophthalmitis.

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