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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 33

Report of SLC3A1/rBAT gene mutations in Iranian cystinuria patients: A direct sequencing study


1 Department of Molecular Genetics, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sahrekord, Iran
2 Pediatric Inherited Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Primordial Prevention of Noncommunicable Disease; Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3 Department of Urology, Urology and Kidney Transplantation Research Center, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Majid Kheirollahi
Pediatric Inherited Diseases Research Center, Research Institute for Primordial Prevention of Noncommunicable Disease, Isfahan and Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box: 81746-73461, Isfahan
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1735-1995.202149

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Background: Considering a few studies on the genetic basis of the cystinuria in the Middle East and the population-specific distribution of mutations in the SLC3A1, we tried to find genetic variants in three exons (1, 3, and 8) of SLC3A1. Materials and Methods: In this study, exons 1, 3, and 8 of SLC3A1 gene of 25 unrelated cystinuria patients searched for genetic variations by polymerase chain reaction and sequencing. Results: There were five different variations in our studied population. We found one mutation in the SLC3A1 gene including missense variant M467K and identified three polymorphisms: nonsynonymous variant G38G, c. 610 + 169C>T and c. 610 + 147C>G within the SLC3A1 gene, and one new variant. Conclusion: Our results confirm that cystinuria is a heterogeneous disorder at the molecular level and more studies are needed to identify the distribution and frequency of mutations causing cystinuria in the Iranian population.


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