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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 12

Association of Helicobacter pylori infection with metabolic parameters and dietary habits among medical undergraduate students in southeastern of Iran


1 Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Sistan and Baluchestan, Iran
3 Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Sistan and Baluchestan, Iran
4 Health Promotion Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Sistan and Baluchestan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Mansour Shahraki
Department of Nutrition, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Sistan and Baluchestan, P.O. Box: 98167-4315
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1735-1995.199091

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Background: To date, there is still inconclusive evidence on the extra-gastric manifestations of Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) infection. This study aimed to determine whether there is an association between H.pylori infection with metabolic syndrome and dietary habits among medical undergraduate students in south-eastern of Iran, Zahedan. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was done among 363 undergraduate students in Zahedan University of Medical Sciences during spring 2014. All subjects completed a questionnaire including demographic factors and dietary habits. Serum H. pylori-specific IgG antibodies, total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), and fasting blood sugar (FBS) levels were measured after an overnight fast. Results: The seroprevalence of H. pylori infection was 45.7%. H. pylori-positive subjects had lower mean levels of TC and TG and higher levels of HDL-C compared to H. pylori-negative subjects. In addition, lower levels of LDL-C (P = 0.044) and FBS (P = 0.05) were observed among subjects with positive H pylori infection. Only rare consumption of raw vegetables (odds ratio [OR] =3.74, 95% confidence interval [CI] =1.37–5.24) as well as higher levels of FBS (OR = 1.031, 95% CI = 1.001–1.99) were significantly associated with higher odds of H. pylori infection in both the univariate and multiple logistic regression analysis. Conclusion: In a small population of young students in southeastern of Iran, H. pylori infection was associated with low consumption of raw vegetables and higher serum blood glucose.


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